Antoni Gaudí – the innovative architect, born in 1852, who changed the face of Barcelona


In this article meet Antoni Gaudí , one of the most admirable architects in history and who changed the face of the City of Barcelona.

It contains a presentation of the most important works by Gaudí.

"Take a peek" to a small excerpt from the course The history of art from curiosities and unusual facts and get to know this admirable architect.


Who was Antoni Gaudí

Antoni Gaudí was born in 1852 in Reus, Catalonia, but it was in Barcelona that he studied architecture, lived and worked, which explains the presence of most of his work in that city.

There, he quickly distinguished himself from other architects due to his talent, inexhaustible creativity and innovative character combined with tradition.

He caught the attention of the Catalan bourgeoisie, getting his best clients. Among them the businessman Eusebi Güell i Bacigalupi, a wealthy textile merchant.

Park Güell

Originally intended as an urbanization, it was designed by architect Antoni Gaudí, commissioned by businessman Eusebi Güell. It was built between 1900 and 1914.

Antoni Gaudí Park Guell

However, the beginning of his career, contrary to what one might think, was not promising when the Catalan architect graduated from university with the lowest grade, a simple “passed”.

The director Elies Rogent questioned “I don’t know if we approve a madman or a genius.”

the new aesthetic

Antoni Gaudí was the creator of an opulent aesthetic of his own that he developed.

Based on the technique of trencadís (composition of fragmented ceramic elements).

He applied this to the busy façades of his buildings that attributed an original, textured, colourful appearance to which the observer could make countless associations, typical of Spanish Modernism.


The combination of these elements with his inspiration in nature (sinuous lines), the Gothic and Moorish details, the use of traditional and recycled materials, challenging balance and harmony, made Gaudí an innovative and eccentric architect.

He understood architecture as a total and sculptural art, devoting all his attention to even the smallest details.

He became a genius of architecture that embellished Barcelon

As he was asked to, gave it a new style that reflected and emphasised Catalan identity, distinguishing and autonomising itself politically and regionally from Madrid.

In the presentation, discover some of the most emblematic works of Gaudí

EN Antoní Gaudi by fatima.muralha

The Sagrada Familia Basilica by Gaudí

Antoni Gaudí Sagrada familia

In the online course The History of Art through Curiosities and Unusual Facts, you will also get to know the Basilica of the Sagrada Familia.

Although still unfinished, this monument constitutes an extraordinary legacy for the City of Barcelona and for the history of architecture.

Learning objectives of this online course

To introduce the history of art from the Ancient Age to the Contemporary Age from aspects that are normally unknown.

To provide avenues of research and study for those interested in subjects related to art history.

To give ideas to teachers, cultural tourism technicians, cultural agents or other professionals about ways of teaching and communicating the history of art through curiosities.

To provide a dynamic and engaging learning experience for those interested in art history.

Language: English

Also available in – Português and Español

Who should take this online course ?

  • Students and teachers of art and art history.
  • Art historians, museologists, art curators and professionals in cultural communication and cultural tourism.
  • All those who want to know more about the history of art .

No access requirements.

More online courses about art history